Acupuncture, Herbs, Reiki
The disorder that was to become known as Parkinson's disease was first described as shaking palsy in 1817 by a London physician named James Parkinson. It is now known to involve progressive degeneration of neurons in a region of the brain that controls movement. This degeneration creates a shortage of dopamine, which is the immediate cause of the movement dysfunctions that characterize the disease: administration of l-dopa (a precursor to dopamine, which is converted in brain cells to dopamine) has considerable beneficial effects in many patients with Parkinson's disease.
1- Tremor (trembling or shaking) of a limb, especially when the body is at rest (reminiscent of restless legs syndrome). The tremor often begins on one side of the body, frequently in one hand. As the disease progresses, both sides of the body may be involved and shaking of the head may also occur.
2- Slow movement,
3- Difficulty in initiating movement, rigid limbs
4- Shuffling gait, a stooped posture, and reduced facial expressions.
5- In about 1/3 of the cases, the disease also causes or is associated with depression, personality changes, dementia, sleep disturbances, speech impairments, and/or sexual difficulties.
Parkinson's disease is associated with aging: it affects about 6% of those over the age of 65 (average age of onset is about 60), affecting more men than women. Causes of Parkinson's disease are not fully known, but there are genetic factors involved in susceptibility and there may be contributions from a variety of habitual activities. Coffee consumption, for example, appears to help protect against getting this disease.
There is no known cure for Parkinson's disease. However ear acupuncture has been shown promising especially if permanent ear acupuncure is used. Many patients are only mildly affected and need no treatment for several years after the initial diagnosis. When symptoms grow severe, doctors usually prescribe levodopa (l-dopa), which helps replenish the brain's dopamine. Sometimes doctors prescribe other drugs that affect dopamine levels in the brain (e.g., drugs that inhibit the breakdown of dopamine). In patients who are very severely affected, surgery and various experimental procedures may be attempted. None of the current therapies have long-term success.
TCM view of Parkinson's:
According to Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), this kind of disease is liver related. It also has to do with "Wind" converse in the muscles and ligaments system. Treatment of this using Chineseherbal medicine is effective and it can adjust this nervous system's condition through TCM theory. Acupuncture and electroacupuncture intervention improves muscle and ligament function in 50-70% of affected people. Clinical observations have noted that acupressure is effective in promoting qi in muscle and joints, reducing tremors and relieving pain. Tuina massage acupressure can improve muscle rigidity, akinesia (lack of movement) and neural system functions. In western medicine, the cause for this disease is unclear, but it is believed to be a degeneration of special nerve cells in the brain, and long term care is very important.
The substantia nigra is a brain structure located in the mesencephalon (midbrain) that plays an important role in reward, addiction, and movement. Substantia nigra is Latin for "black substance", as parts of the substantia nigra appear darker than neighboring areas due to high levels of melanin in dopaminergicneurons. Parkinson's disease is caused by the death of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta.
Although the substantia nigra appears as a continuous band in brain sections, anatomical studies have found that it actually consists of two parts with very different connections and functions, the pars compacta and pars reticulata. The pars compacta serves mainly as an input to the basal ganglia circuit, supplying the striatum with dopamine. The pars reticulata, on the other hand, serves mainly as an output, conveying signals from the basal ganglia to numerous other brain structures.(substantia nigra source: Wikipedia)